An economic chasm separates the two countries sharing the island of Hispaniola. Until the mid-twentieth century, both had roughly the same GDP, but while the Dominican Republic (DR) has enjoyed decades of economic growth, Haiti’s economy has languished, crippled by political turmoil and natural disasters. Although both countries have roughly the same population—nearly 11 million—the DR’s economy is ten times bigger.
In 2018, Haiti suffered a period of severe drought, floods and an earthquake, at a time the country is still facing epidemics of cholera, diphtheria and malaria, a migration crisis with the voluntary or forced displacement of Haitian populations from the Dominican Republic or other countries in the Latin American and Caribbean region, and recurrent protection problems.
Before presenting data and analysis, it should be understood that this report examines life in the rural Grand Anse from the perspective of resiliency and adaptation. People living in the region are adapted to 200-plus years of natural and manmade calamities. Natural calamities include droughts, floods, hurricanes, and earthquakes.
The field visit allowed the delegation to gain a first-hand understanding of UNICEF work at the country level and to view concrete examples of its cooperation with the host Governments and other partners, including the United Nations country team. Furthermore, the visit provided an opportunity for the members of the delegation to better understand the issues regarding children and women and the challenges they face in the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
This document represents a summary snapshot of monitoring activities conducted by IOM and border monitoring partners at the border between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The monitoring was put in place following the movements observed at the border before and after the 17th June 2015 expiration of the registration component of the National Plan for the Regularization of Foreigners (PNRE1 in Spanish), established in the Dominican Republic.
The social and economic difficulties of Haiti are well documented over the last decades. Future priorities in the economic sphere are in the sustainable growth of different local crops, which will improve the living standards of its population.
The Integrating Gender and Nutrition within Agricultural Extension Services (INGENAES) project is funded through the Bureau for Food Security (BFS) of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to support the Presidential Feed the Future Initiative, which strives to increase agricultural productivity and the incomes of both men and women in rural areas who rely on agriculture for their livelihoods.
Dominicans of Haitian descent in the Dominican Republic face a series of obstacles to the full enjoyment of their human rights to a nationality, to recognition as a person before the law and to identity. The denial of these rights has increasingly been codified into Dominican laws and regulations, creating an ever more complex web of restrictions and entrenching and institutionalizing discriminatory attitudes and practices.
This document provides a review of the status and management of coral harvest and trade from Fiji, Haiti, Solomon Islands and Tonga, with particular focus on genera that were selected for more in-depth review at SRG69. Those genera include species for which there are current EU decisions in place at the species level for these range States, yet identification to genus level is acceptable under CITES Notification No. 2013/035 for the purpose of implementing Resolutions Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP16) on National reports and Conf. 12.3 (Rev. CoP16) on Permits and certificates.
In 2014, 54 percent of the total population lived in urban centres1 - the highest proportion in history – and this trend is growing, with the figure set to hit 66 percent by 2050. Urbanisation is the result of population growth as well as increasing rural to urban migration, with cities seen as centres of economic activity and prosperity.