This document describes an evidence-based evaluation of the immediate and long-term impact of LEVE/USAID grants to the fishfarming entities Caribbean Harvest Foundation and Caribbean Harvest Social Enterprise, both hereon referred to jointly as CH. Specifically, the study was interested in evaluating the impact on the resiliency of participating households.
Given that some time had passed since the initial grant to Caribbean Harvest S.A. was made to increase production capacity, LEVE and Caribbean Harvest S.A. agreed to undertake an impact assessment that would go beyond simply capturing results, but more to measuring resiliency (as defined by the United States Agency for International Development) of the fish farmers. The initial grant was to increase both energy supply and the number of cages, which would lead to an overall increase in fish production by fish farmers.
The research presented in this report directly addresses important and unresolved questions stemming from the unexpected fact that Haitians continue to meet approximately 80 percent of their national energy needs through firewood and charcoal production.
Haiti burns over 400,000 tons of charcoal annually (USAID 2011); that amount translates to over 4,000,000 tons of trees destroyed since it takes 10 tons of wood to produce one ton of Haitian charcoal (ESMAP 2007). Regional environmental studies in Haiti, including Ghilardi, et al 2018, have determined that the Haitian charcoal industry has a destructive effect on the trees of Haiti.
Agricultural value chain development has emerged as a key methodology employed by multi- and bilateral donors, nongovernmental organizations, and research institutions to drive economic development. Value chain upgrading can result in significant economic impact in developing countries, contributing up to 30% of gross domestic product (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2013). Through a case study of the Smallholders Alliance for Sorghum in Haiti (SMASH), we examine the process of creating an “inclusive” value chain that seeks to explicitly include smallholder producers to increase incomes while establishing a sustainable sorghum value chain.
This analysis examines woodfuel sustainability in Haiti and explores the impacts of near- term household energy interventions. Woodfuels represent nearly 80% of Haiti’s primary energy supply and the country has long been considered an archetypal case of woodfuel-driven deforestation
Before Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on October 4th, households in Haiti were struggling to recover from: several years of drought, exacerbated by the El Niño phenomenon in 2015 the consequences of the 2010 earthquake, the continued cholera outbreak that followed the 2010 earthquake.
Cette étude a été réalisée avec peu de moyens et dans un temps réduit d’investigation d’une semaine respectivement sur chaque territoire haïtien et guadeloupéen concernés.Dans ce temps, les principaux acteurs du développement local ont été toutefois rencontrés et ont ainsi activement participé à la réflexion générale développée ici.
La littoralisation est un phénomène qui a pris une importante dimension partout sur la planète. Il s’agit de la migration des populations vers les littoraux. Elle a pour cause l’explosion démographique, la mondialisation, l’essor du tourisme, etc. Malheureusement, ce phénomène est aussi présent en Haïti et il touche la majorité des grandes villes
Haiti is among the largest markets for U.S. Southern long-grain milled rice. It is also the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere and is subject to chronic food insecu- rity. Haiti rst opened its market to rice imports in 1986 and again in 1995, reducing tariffs on rice imports to 3 percent. Haiti’s rice imports now account for 80 percent of consumption. Imports also allowed per capita food availability to rise by 11 percent between 1985 and 2011. Efforts are underway to improve agricultural performance, but even with signi cant productivity gains, Haiti is likely to continue to rely on imports of U.S. rice.