Haïti, État de la Caraïbe, occupe le tiers occidental (27750 km2) de l’île d’Hispaniola, la deuxième plus grande île de la Caraïbe après Cuba. Localisée en pleine trajectoire des cyclones ou ouragans, elle subit fréquemment les épisodes chauds d’El Nino/ENSO. Situé sur une zone de failles tectoniques majeures séparant les plaques Caraïbes et Amérique du Nord, le pays est exposé aux phénomènes naturels extrêmes qui engendrent souvent des catastrophes d’envergure (inondations, sécheresse, tremblement de terre, etc.).
In 2013, the Haitian government designated a new Marine Protected Area (MPA) in the northeast coast of Haiti, called the Three Bays National Park (3BNP). The protected area encompasses three bays: Limonade, Caracol, and Fort Liberté, as well as one of the largest inland brackish water lagoons – the Important Bird Area (IBA) of Lagon aux Boeufs – covering an area of 75,618ha.
The social and economic difficulties of Haiti are well documented over the last decades. Future priorities in the economic sphere are in the sustainable growth of different local crops, which will improve the living standards of its population.
The two largest lakes on the Caribbean Island of Hispaniola, Lake Azuei in Haiti and Lake Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic have experienced dramatic growth and surface area expansion over the past few years leading to severe flooding and loss of arable land around the lake perimeters.
This document presents the results of a Pre-Crisis Market Mapping and Analysis (PCMMA) undertaken for GOAL Haiti, focused on seasonal drought affecting the maize and beans market systems. Both products are important in the target region, Gressier, Haiti. On the one hand, they represent a critical source of income for rural producers. Black, red and white beans, in particular, are considered among the most important cash crops in Gressier. Both are also important in terms of consumption.
This document provides a review of the status and management of coral harvest and trade from Fiji, Haiti, Solomon Islands and Tonga, with particular focus on genera that were selected for more in-depth review at SRG69. Those genera include species for which there are current EU decisions in place at the species level for these range States, yet identification to genus level is acceptable under CITES Notification No. 2013/035 for the purpose of implementing Resolutions Conf. 11.17 (Rev. CoP16) on National reports and Conf. 12.3 (Rev. CoP16) on Permits and certificates.
Natural and human-induced hazards (storms, floods, and droughts) have highly destructive impacts on buildings, land, water, livestock, and people in Haiti. The poorest Haitians, including low-income women, children, and elderly people, are especially vulnerable. There is already evidence of climate change, including higher mean temperatures and altered rainfall patterns.
The Government of Haiti (GOH), in conjunction with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the United States Government (USG), is developing a 150-hectare industrial park in the northern region of Haiti that will host export-oriented garment manufacturers and other businesses.
This Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Assessment report has been prepared to provide information and analysis as requested by USAID/Haiti, required by the U.S. Congress, and stipulated in the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961. This report updates the 2006 Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Assessment report and seeks to provide a concise and targeted assessment to inform the USAID/Haiti Mission’s strategic planning, program development, and implementation.
Dans le cadre de cette activité, les données ont été recueillies par des vérifications in situ effectuées par des sorties en bateau, en véhicule, à pied, en plongée autonome et en snorkeling, ainsi que par l’utilisation d’un système de positionnement global (GPS), d’images satellites et de photographies sous- marines et terrestres.