In 2018, Haiti suffered a period of severe drought, floods and an earthquake, at a time the country is still facing epidemics of cholera, diphtheria and malaria, a migration crisis with the voluntary or forced displacement of Haitian populations from the Dominican Republic or other countries in the Latin American and Caribbean region, and recurrent protection problems.
In 2019, more than 2.6 million people in Haiti will need assistance, including 1.3 million people targeted by the Humanitarian Response Plan. In a context of economic fragility and socio-political tensions, the successive shocks that have affected the country (including natural disasters, epidemics, population displacements), combined with structural weaknesses limiting access to basic services, have considerably increased the chronic vulnerability of the Haitian population and reduced its capacity for resilience.
This paper examines the dynamics of poverty and vulnerability in Haiti using various data sets. As living conditions survey data are not comparable in this country, we first propose to use the three rounds of the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) available before the earthquake.
The 12 January 2010 earthquake represented an unprecedented “worst-case scenario” for Haiti: a sudden-onset “Category Three” emergency with high fatality rates, extensive geographic scope and severe magnitude, hitting the political and economic core of the already impoverished, post-crisis nation, exacerbating acute and structural gaps in national capacity.
This presentation represents the preliminary strategic direction of a multi-year, whole-of-government, U.S. strategy to address food security in a Feed the Future country or region. It describes partner country progress and outlines how U.S. investments will align in support of partner country priorities. This document has not yet been approved or funded but will form the basis of a multi-year strategy in development.
The Port-au-Prince urban livelihoods baseline contains detailed, quantified information on the food, income and expenditure patterns of the urban poor. The assessment was conducted at a time of relative security and price stability from April to May 2009. Thus this baseline provides a picture of the urban poor as they were following the hurricanes, price rises and food riots of 2008. In conjunction with monitoring data, the baseline is a powerful tool that can be used for ongoing analysis of food and livelihood security in the slums of Port-au-Prince.
Food insecurity is significant and widespread in Haiti. In October 2007, 25 percent of rural households or 1.29 million people were food insecure (consuming less than 1,900 Kcal per person per day), including about 6 percent (305 thousand people) severely food insecure (less than 1,600 Kcal per person per day)2. Two-thirds of the rural households said they ate lower quantity than a year ago at the same period.
The CFSVA is rapidly evolving into an appropriate information source for a broad range of WFP program and advocacy information requirements. Programming goals for WFP reflecting the changing environment for food-resourced programming and increased experience using the livelihood framework clearly demonstrate that food programs are better designed and more appropriately implemented when focused on reducing vulnerability.
Country Portfolio Evaluations (CPE) encompass the entirety of WFP’s programme-related activities during a specific period. They evaluate the performance and results of the portfolio as a whole and provide evaluative insights to make evidence-based strategic decisions about positioning WFP in a country, strategic partnerships, operations design and implementation.