Haiti’s tumultuous history has resulted in a fragile state and an under-resourced, but perseverant, citizenry. The 2010 earthquake further weakened the country and intensified existing crises; however, it also increased global attention and catalyzed international support. With increased global focus comes renewed potential to rebuild and renew Haitian society. Haitian and international leaders recognize that an excellent educational system is of primary importance to building a vital, just, and free society. In order to generate sustainable improvements in Haitian society, all children must have access to a high-quality education that will provide them with the skills to realize their potential. Unfortunately, the current educational system fails to meet the needs of Haiti’s children. Among the most prominent problems are:
Lack of funding from the national government.
Inequalities based on limited or non-existent access to schools for students in rural areas, students who live in poverty, and students seeking education at secondary level and beyond.
A dearth of fundamental resources—such as potable water, food, electrical power, and appropriate educational facilities—which undermines learning.
Inadequate academic quality due to a lack of pedagogical materials and poorly trained and underpaid teachers.
The barriers to high-quality education in Haiti are complex and often caused or perpetuated by deeply rooted problems. For that reason, improving education is connected to social issues such as: effective policy and governance by the state, increases in public expenditure on education, a more efficient system of taxation, and the amelioration of other socioeconomic challenges such as high rates of poverty, limited access to healthcare and employment opportunities, and the overall health of the economy. Yet, in addition to being influenced by these societal factors, education can be a driver of change within the broader social context. Educational quality and attainment have been linked to increased individual income, economic growth, greater employment opportunities, improved health, and higher levels of democratic participation (BEC N.d., EQUIP3 N.d.).