Mango as an Opportunity for Long-Term Economic Growth

Haiti and the mango sector. Haiti is among the 20 largest mango producers globally, with a production of 200,000-400,000 metric tons (MT) per annum (p.a.). India is by far the largest mango producer with a production of more than 13 million MT annually, followed by China, Mexico, Indonesia and Thailand. India is also the largest exporter of mango (exports of 241,000 MT in 2007), followed by Mexico (236,000 MT, 2007) and Brazil (116,000 MT in 2007). Main importers are the United States (imports of almost 300,000 MT in 2007) and the United Kingdom (57,000 MT in 2007). The Latin America and Caribbean region generally export mango to the United States, whereas Europe is the main export market for Asian and African mango exporters.

Haiti is among the world’s poorest countries – a situation worsened by the 2010 earthquake. Haiti has a GDP per capita of US$1,300 per year and approximately 80% of the population lives on less than US$2 a day. The country also suffers from environmental degradation, food insecurity, poor infrastructure, and an illiteracy rate of 48%2. On the economic front, Haiti’s main industries are apparel, oils, cocoa, mangoes and coffee. More than 60% of the population relies on agriculture. Haiti has a trade deficit with imports of US$2,023 million and exports of US$524 million. Main trade partners are the United States (70%), the neighboring Dominican Republic (9%), and Canada (3%). The country relies heavily on remittances from the Haitian Diaspora (US$1,800 million p.a.) and foreign aid (US$912 million p.a.), which both by far exceed exports. 3In the last decade, Hait

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