Private Sector Assessment of Haiti

The Private Sector Assessment Report (PSAR) presents an overview of the private sector in Haiti1. The basis for this report was drawn from the Final Integrated Report on a Strategy for Haiti, which was originally developed for the Inter-American Development Bank’s Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF).2 It was intended to inform the MIF’s strategy in Haiti. The original report consisted of an analysis of private sector development; an overview of the MIF’s experience in Haiti from 2002-2013; a summary of donor programmes, international cooperation and public aid to development; lessons learned by the MIF and potential partners; and suggested focus areas and criteria for future MIF programs.
The report below represents a synthesis of the original document and includes supplementary analysis of the private sector development environment. The original report draws on both primary and secondary data sources. Primary data analyses were derived from interviews with key stakeholders from the domestic private and public sectors as well as interviews with regional and international agencies. More than 100 in-person interviews were conducted and six thematic workshops gathered nearly 90 participants. A listing of the stakeholders interviewed is documented in the original report. Secondary data was utilised to describe the state of the country at both the micro and macro levels. The Haiti PSAR analyses the characteristics and primary components of the private sector, key challenges to private-sector development, and emerging sectors. Finally, it presents recommendations and an action plan to foster private-sector development. Haiti’s private sector consists mainly of small enterprises. There are around 900,000 micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, 60,000 of which are small and medium-sized enterprises—small firms (with between 10 and 49 employees), and mid-size companies (with 50-250 staff).3 The private sector is dominated by the manufacturing sector (particularly the textile and garment industries) and the agricultural sector. Nearly 51% of workers are employed in agriculture. The textile and garment industries account for over 90% of Haiti’s exports, thanks largely to privileged access to the US market. Agricultural products—mainly vetiver, mango and cocoa—account for the remainder of the country’s exports.
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