Natural and human-induced hazards (storms, floods, and droughts) have highly destructive impacts on buildings, land, water, livestock, and people in Haiti. The poorest Haitians, including low-income women, children, and elderly people, are especially vulnerable. There is already evidence of climate change, including higher mean temperatures and altered rainfall patterns.
Coffee and mango contribute significantly to Haiti’s agricultural gross domestic product and export revenues. Generating income valued at US$11 million in 2011, mango has become one of the country’s most important export commodities. In contrast, coffee exports steadily declined from $7 million to $1 million between 2000 and 2010, even though demand for high-quality Haitian coffee has actually increased on the global market.
This Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Assessment report has been prepared to provide information and analysis as requested by USAID/Haiti, required by the U.S. Congress, and stipulated in the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961. This report updates the 2006 Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Assessment report and seeks to provide a concise and targeted assessment to inform the USAID/Haiti Mission’s strategic planning, program development, and implementation.