In 2018, Haiti suffered a period of severe drought, floods and an earthquake, at a time the country is still facing epidemics of cholera, diphtheria and malaria, a migration crisis with the voluntary or forced displacement of Haitian populations from the Dominican Republic or other countries in the Latin American and Caribbean region, and recurrent protection problems.
Natural and human-induced hazards (storms, floods, and droughts) have highly destructive impacts on buildings, land, water, livestock, and people in Haiti. The poorest Haitians, including low-income women, children, and elderly people, are especially vulnerable. There is already evidence of climate change, including higher mean temperatures and altered rainfall patterns.
The Haitian economy is still recovering from the January 2010 earthquake albeit at a slower pace than anticipated. Prudent macroeconomic policies have helped keep inflation in the single digits and improved the external position. However, less than anticipated capital spending coupled with a series of disasters, including a cholera outbreak and tropical storms, has slowed down the reconstruction and economic recovery.
La « culpabilité » des maçons au sein d'une société dévoyée et irresponsable devrait être partagée par bien d'autres. Après le tremblement de terre, bien que personne ne pouvait nier que 90.000 personnes (pour le moins) avaient perdu la vie dans le tremblement de terre du 12 janvier 2010, il m'est apparu que les propos diffusés à l'encontre de la profession de la construction et de leur mauvais travail n'étaient pas justifiés.
This paper examines the dynamics of poverty and vulnerability in Haiti using various data sets. As living conditions survey data are not comparable in this country, we first propose to use the three rounds of the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) available before the earthquake.
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest countries in the world, with 55 percent of the population living below the poverty line of $1.25 per day. Agriculture is central to the Haitian economy, employing approximately 60 percent of the population and serving as the primary source of income in rural areas.
Before the earthquake that struck the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince and its surrounding areas on 12 January 2010, Haiti was already considered to be a fragile and impoverished state. 78% of Haiti’s 10 million people lived on less than US$2 a day, infant mortality was among the highest in the western hemisphere, and life expectancy reached only 60 years.
The present report deals with pre-earthquake binational relations along the Haitian / Dominican border and with the implication of these patterns for developments along the border in the changed world of the post-earthquake island. The earthquake constitutes a definitive watershed for Haiti. Though nobody yet knows what is in store, post-earthquake Haiti will never be a replica of the country before the earthquake.
The Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti that we are presenting to our partners in the international community indicates the requirements to be fulfilled so that the earthquake, devastating as it was, turns into a window of opportunity so that, in the Head of State’s words, the country can be reconstructed. This is a rendezvous with history that Haiti cannot miss. We must obtain results; we owe it to our children and our children’s children.
On average, Haitians consume 70,000-80,000 tons of beans per year. The large majority of beans found in Haitian markets are produced locally. In 2009, Haitian farmers produced approximately 80% of beans consumed. Imports usually account for about 10-15%, and food aid accounts for the remaining 5-10%. Imports and food aid fluctuate depending on national production, for example food aid and imports increased in huge proportions following the 2008 cyclones.