Haiti’s garment industry enjoys a number of favorable conditions. Through trade acts and agreements, Haitian manufacturing companies have duty free access to the United States. This builds on Haiti’s advantage of being in close proximity to U.S. buyers. Haitian manufacturers have established relationships with U.S. buyers, and are large enough to have achieved economies of scale. Haitian manufacturers also enjoy relatively low wages and favorable labor regulations.
There is strong investor interest in Haiti that could generate 380,000 jobs by 2030. With abundant affordable labor and close proximity to the U.S., Haiti possesses good potential to capture new investments in the apparel, agri-business, construction/building materials, logistics, and tourism sectors in the near term, while transitioning over time to other higher-value industries and services.
More than 700,000 visitors a year come to Labadee, Haiti’s largest tourist destination. Passengers from Royal Caribbean cruise ships have enjoyed the beautiful north coast site with its bay, beaches, and amenities since 1985 when it was developed for the company’s use under a lease agreement with the Haitian government.
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest countries in the world, with 55 percent of the population living below the poverty line of $1.25 per day. Agriculture is central to the Haitian economy, employing approximately 60 percent of the population and serving as the primary source of income in rural areas.
This study was conducted in the form of historical analysis to understand and determine the various ways that human capital flight, better known as brain drain, has impacted Haiti and how occurrences such as political events, have influenced brain drain in return. The first research question seeks to identify determinants in Haiti that contribute to brain drain.