Haïti, État de la Caraïbe, occupe le tiers occidental (27750 km2) de l’île d’Hispaniola, la deuxième plus grande île de la Caraïbe après Cuba. Localisée en pleine trajectoire des cyclones ou ouragans, elle subit fréquemment les épisodes chauds d’El Nino/ENSO. Situé sur une zone de failles tectoniques majeures séparant les plaques Caraïbes et Amérique du Nord, le pays est exposé aux phénomènes naturels extrêmes qui engendrent souvent des catastrophes d’envergure (inondations, sécheresse, tremblement de terre, etc.).
This report was prepared in response to a Congressional directive that, “after consultation with appropriate international development organizations and Haitian officials, organizations and communities, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations setting forth a plan for the reforestation of areas in Haiti that are vulnerable to erosion which pose significant danger to human health and safety.”
The Republic of Haiti occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola (which it shares with the Dominican Republic), with Jamaica 180 km to the southwest and Cuba 90 km northwest across the Windward Passage. Haiti was the first modern state governed by people of African descent and the second nation in the Western Hemisphere to achieve independence.
This paper represents the Haiti National Report prepared in the context of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) approved Project Development Facility Block B (PDF B) entitled Integrating Watershed and Coastal Areas Management in Small Island Developing States in the Caribbean whose major objective is to identify common problems and specific recommendations to be included in a future full-scale project intended to improve watershed and coastal zone policy and practices in support of sustainable development in the region.