In fiscal year 2013, the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Office of Food for Peace (FFP) awarded funding to CARE International and its partners, Action Contre La Faim International (ACF) and the U.N. World Food Programme (WFP), to implement a Title II development food assistance program in Haiti.1 The four-year Kore Lavi Program directly supports the Government of Haiti’s (GOH) social protection efforts
This rapid assessment of the Haitian rice value chain was originally prepared in support of Oxfam America’s livelihoods program, to “develop options for a program to support small-scale rice producers so as to improve household income and enhance the country’s food security” (From the assignment terms of reference).
On average, Haitians consume 70,000-80,000 tons of beans per year. The large majority of beans found in Haitian markets are produced locally. In 2009, Haitian farmers produced approximately 80% of beans consumed. Imports usually account for about 10-15%, and food aid accounts for the remaining 5-10%. Imports and food aid fluctuate depending on national production, for example food aid and imports increased in huge proportions following the 2008 cyclones.
Food insecurity is significant and widespread in Haiti. In October 2007, 25 percent of rural households or 1.29 million people were food insecure (consuming less than 1,900 Kcal per person per day), including about 6 percent (305 thousand people) severely food insecure (less than 1,600 Kcal per person per day)2. Two-thirds of the rural households said they ate lower quantity than a year ago at the same period.
The CFSVA is rapidly evolving into an appropriate information source for a broad range of WFP program and advocacy information requirements. Programming goals for WFP reflecting the changing environment for food-resourced programming and increased experience using the livelihood framework clearly demonstrate that food programs are better designed and more appropriately implemented when focused on reducing vulnerability.