Agricultural value chain development has emerged as a key methodology employed by multi- and bilateral donors, nongovernmental organizations, and research institutions to drive economic development. Value chain upgrading can result in significant economic impact in developing countries, contributing up to 30% of gross domestic product (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2013). Through a case study of the Smallholders Alliance for Sorghum in Haiti (SMASH), we examine the process of creating an “inclusive” value chain that seeks to explicitly include smallholder producers to increase incomes while establishing a sustainable sorghum value chain.
This paper introduces a range of microeconomic indicators which are used to measure development outcomes and the survey data which collects them. In particular it relates these indicators to discussions of resilience and to whether they may be suitable ex-ante measures.
Haiti is among the largest markets for U.S. Southern long-grain milled rice. It is also the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere and is subject to chronic food insecu- rity. Haiti rst opened its market to rice imports in 1986 and again in 1995, reducing tariffs on rice imports to 3 percent. Haiti’s rice imports now account for 80 percent of consumption. Imports also allowed per capita food availability to rise by 11 percent between 1985 and 2011. Efforts are underway to improve agricultural performance, but even with signi cant productivity gains, Haiti is likely to continue to rely on imports of U.S. rice.
This document presents the results of a Pre-Crisis Market Mapping and Analysis (PCMMA) undertaken for GOAL Haiti, focused on seasonal drought affecting the maize and beans market systems. Both products are important in the target region, Gressier, Haiti. On the one hand, they represent a critical source of income for rural producers. Black, red and white beans, in particular, are considered among the most important cash crops in Gressier. Both are also important in terms of consumption.
In 2009 the United States committed $3.5 billion to start the global Feed the Future Initiative to reduce poverty and increase agricultural production in resource-poor countries. The initiative emerged in response to the G8 L’Aquila Summit, during which global leaders met to address food insecurity around the world. Introduced in Haiti in 2011, the initiative brought an existing US Agency for International Development–funded watershed management project, the Watershed Initiative for National Natural Environmental Resources (WINNER), under the Feed the Future umbrella.
This study responds to a tender from The German Red Cross (GRC) in partnership with the International Federation of the Red Cross, Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the Haitian Red Cross (HRC). The objective was to help inform post-hurricane Sandy Livelihoods/Food Security interventions to fishing communities in the Departments of the Grand Anse and Nippes.
Once a special food consumed on Sunday, rice has become the main staple of the Haitian diet, especially among low-income people. Imported rice accounts for the vast bulk (83 percent) of consumption. Current imports total some 380,000 tons annually, at a cost of $200 million a year. The irrigated Artibonite Valley region is, by far, the main rice production area in Haiti, accounting for up to 80 percent of national production.
The Republic of Haiti is located in the Caribbean region and shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. There are around 50,000 subsistence fishers who rely on over-exploited and poorly managed coastal fisheries resources. There is a lack of policy, legal, institutional and administrative framework, and resources to ensure proper management, sustainable use and preservation of products.
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest countries in the world, with 55 percent of the population living below the poverty line of $1.25 per day. Agriculture is central to the Haitian economy, employing approximately 60 percent of the population and serving as the primary source of income in rural areas.
This rapid assessment of the Haitian rice value chain was originally prepared in support of Oxfam America’s livelihoods program, to “develop options for a program to support small-scale rice producers so as to improve household income and enhance the country’s food security” (From the assignment terms of reference).