Despite a decline in both monetary and multidimensional poverty rates since 2000, Haiti remains among the poorest and most unequal countries in Latin America. Two years after the 2010 earthquake, poverty was still high, particularly in rural areas. This report establishes that in 2012 more than one in two Haitians was poor, living on less than $ 2.41 a day, and one person in four was living below the national extreme poverty line of $1.23 a day.
Haiti’s tumultuous history has resulted in a fragile state and an under-resourced, but perseverant, citizenry. The 2010 earthquake further weakened the country and intensified existing crises; however, it also increased global attention and catalyzed international support. With increased global focus comes renewed potential to rebuild and renew Haitian society. Haitian and international leaders recognize that an excellent educational system is of primary importance to building a vital, just, and free society.