Haiti declared itself an independent nation-state in 1804, following a path traced by the United States of America 28 years earlier in a hemisphere that European colonists dubbed the “New World.” The time gap between Haitian and American independence around the turn of the nineteenth century is no less significant than the approximately 1000 km separating the two countries at the approach of the twenty-first century.
The Haiti National Nutrition Survey, conducted during June-September 1978, quantified the magnitude and distribution of malnutrition in young children and their mothers. Ofthe 5353preschool children surveyed, 6.0% were severely wasted (less than 80%of the reference median weight-for-height). Stunting (less than 90% of the reference median height-for-age) was most prevalent in the 48-59-month age group. Over 40% of the children in this group were stunted.