Haiti is one of the least developed countries in the world and has faced many challenges in its development process due to its vulnerability to natural disasters and fragility. The frequent natural disasters are particularly devastating because they directly affect the large share of the population that lives in rural areas and depends on agriculture as a primary livelihood source.
The majority of Haiti’s population and a disproportionate number of the poor live in the rural areas. About 58% of rural households live in absolute poverty (based on a US$1 a day extreme poverty line). Haiti’s achievement of the Millennium Development Goals is unlikely, especially in rural areas.