In 2014, 54 percent of the total population lived in urban centres1 - the highest proportion in history – and this trend is growing, with the figure set to hit 66 percent by 2050. Urbanisation is the result of population growth as well as increasing rural to urban migration, with cities seen as centres of economic activity and prosperity.
The Port-au-Prince urban livelihoods baseline contains detailed, quantified information on the food, income and expenditure patterns of the urban poor. The assessment was conducted at a time of relative security and price stability from April to May 2009. Thus this baseline provides a picture of the urban poor as they were following the hurricanes, price rises and food riots of 2008. In conjunction with monitoring data, the baseline is a powerful tool that can be used for ongoing analysis of food and livelihood security in the slums of Port-au-Prince.