Historic and heritage building present a unique class of structures. These buildings form a cultural pillar of the communities and thus require preservation. However, given their vintage, they have sustained severe damage and collapse in recent earthquakes, including in Italy (2009), Haiti (2010) and New Zealand (2011). The main vertical and lateral load bearing members for these buildings is typically comprised of unreinforced stone masonry (URSM) walls.
This report sets out the findings of a support assignment implemented at the request of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development (MARNDR)‟s Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (DPAQ), within the framework of the ACP FISH II Programme funded by the European Commission and the European Development Fund. The purpose of the assignment was to carry out a “strategic assessment of aquaculture potential in Haiti”, as part of an approach to promote the sustainable development of aquaculture in Haiti.
A Market-Driven, Value-Chain Approach to Economic Development & Poverty Reduction based on: USAID Global Market Assessment for Handicrafts; USAID Haitian Handicraft Value Chain Analysis ; Haitian handicraft development projects; First-hand market experience.
Soil erosion and deforestation are endemic in Haiti due to centuries of agricultural exploitation, first under the colonial plantation system—intensive monocropping of export commodities such as cotton, indigo, tobacco, sugarcane, and coffee—and later by the widespread harvest of timber for export markets and the expansion of peasant subsistence agriculture on marginal sloping land. A growing urban population and an increasing demand for charcoal and fuel wood have further stressed the environment.