In fiscal year 2013, the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Office of Food for Peace (FFP) awarded funding to CARE International and its partners, Action Contre La Faim International (ACF) and the U.N. World Food Programme (WFP), to implement a Title II development food assistance program in Haiti.1 The four-year Kore Lavi Program directly supports the Government of Haiti’s (GOH) social protection efforts
Haiti is one of the least developed countries in the world and has faced many challenges in its development process due to its vulnerability to natural disasters and fragility. The frequent natural disasters are particularly devastating because they directly affect the large share of the population that lives in rural areas and depends on agriculture as a primary livelihood source.
This paper examines the dynamics of poverty and vulnerability in Haiti using various data sets. As living conditions survey data are not comparable in this country, we first propose to use the three rounds of the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) available before the earthquake.
Food insecurity is significant and widespread in Haiti. In October 2007, 25 percent of rural households or 1.29 million people were food insecure (consuming less than 1,900 Kcal per person per day), including about 6 percent (305 thousand people) severely food insecure (less than 1,600 Kcal per person per day)2. Two-thirds of the rural households said they ate lower quantity than a year ago at the same period.
This report was prepared in response to a Congressional directive that, “after consultation with appropriate international development organizations and Haitian officials, organizations and communities, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations setting forth a plan for the reforestation of areas in Haiti that are vulnerable to erosion which pose significant danger to human health and safety.”
The CFSVA is rapidly evolving into an appropriate information source for a broad range of WFP program and advocacy information requirements. Programming goals for WFP reflecting the changing environment for food-resourced programming and increased experience using the livelihood framework clearly demonstrate that food programs are better designed and more appropriately implemented when focused on reducing vulnerability.